Neftyanaya Provintsiya 

No.4(20),2019

THE PROPOSALS DEVELOPMENT FOR RECULTIVATION OF THE SLUDGE BARNS AT THE ENTERPRISE OF OJSC «SURGUTNEFTEGAZ»

E.A. Borisova, S.A. Krasnoperova

DOI https://doi.org/10.25689/NP.2019.4.352-367

PP.352-367

Download article

Adobe_PDF_Icon.png
 
 

Abstract

Today, the widely used traditional method of the so-called “reclamation” of oil sludge pits by covering them with sand does not solve the problem of soil contamination because this results in long-term conservation of oil and oil products without air access. Based on ecological-geochemical and plant-sociological studies, a number of measures have been proposed for oil sludge pit reclamation. These involve filling of sludge pits after oil and water have been pumped out with different materials, including sand, peat, and other soils. Application of chemical fertilizers is required for hydrocarbon oxidizing bacteria activity. The final stage of reclamation is recommended to include phytoremediation which means covering the oil sludge pit surface with peat, fertilization and setting of oil-tolerant plants. The recommended plants are a smooth brome, a red fescue, a false wheat, bulbous bluegrass, and a meadow clover. Another method of remediating oil-contaminated soils involves planting of willow cuttings, which significantly reduces cost price of planting and allows achieving the desired results more quickly than in other methods.

Key words:

oil sludge, oil sludge pit, bioremediation, phytoremediation, reclamation of oil-contaminated soil, biological reclamation

References

  1. L.A. Konopelko, O.Yu. Begak, M.V. Okrepilov Ekologicheskie problemy neftedobychi [Environmental issues in oil production]. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory, 2012, No.2, pp.30-35 (in Russian)

  2. A.F. Tumanyan Ekologicheskie posledstviya zagryazneniya pochv neft'yu i nefteproduktami pri avarijnyh situaciyah i sposoby rekul'tivacii zemel' [Environmental cost of accidental soil contamination with oil and oil products and soil remediation methods]. Moscow, Tekhnika Publ., 2004, pp.3-6 (in Russian)

  3. M.M. Malyshkin, M.A. Pashkevich Monitoring i razrabotka metodov rekul'tivacii nefteshlamovyh ambarov [Monitoring and development of oil sludge pit remediation technologies]. Problemy nedropolzovaniya. St.-Petersburg, State Institute of Mining, 2008, pp. 236-238 (in Russian)

  4. V.I. Smetanin Rekul'tivaciya i obustrojstvo narushennyh zemel' [Reclamation and landscaping of disturbed soils]. Moscow, Kolos Publ., 2000, 96 p. (in Russian)

  5. V.I. Vaver Metodicheskoe rukovodstvo po rekul'tivacii neftezagryaznennyh zemel' v usloviyah mestorozhdenij nefti Zapadnoj Sibiri [Guidelines on oil-contaminated soil remediation in West Siberian oil fields]. Nizhnevartovsk, 1996, 108 p. (in Russian)

  6. A.P. Khaustov, M.M. Redina Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy pri dobyche nefti [Environmental protection during oil production operations]. Moscow, Delo Publ., 2006, 552 p. (in Russian)

  7. B.E. Chizhov Ohrana okruzhayushchej sredy pri dobyche nefti [Reclamation of oilcontaminated forest and boggy soils in the Middle Ob]. Povyshenie tekhnologicheskoj nadezhnosti processov dobychi nefti v usloviyah Zapadnoj Sibiri (Improvement of technological reliability of oil production operations in West Siberian fields), Tyumen, 1990, pp. 154 – 160. (in Russian)

Authors

E.A. Borisova, PhD, Assistant Professor, Institute of Civil Defense, Udmurt State University

1/4, Universitetskaya st., Izhevsk, 426034, Russian Federation

E-mail: e_borisova75@mail.ru

S.A. Krasnoperova, PhD, Assistant Professor of Oil and Gas Geology Chair, Udmurt State University

1/4, Universitetskaya st., Izhevsk, 426034, Russian Federation

E-mail: krasnoperova_sve@mail.ru

For citation:

E.A. Borisova, S.A. Krasnoperova Razrabotka predlozhenij po rekul'tivacii shlamovyh ambarov na predprijatii OAO «Surgutneftegaz» [The proposals development for recultivation of the sludge barns at the enterprise of OJSC «Surgutneftegaz»]. Neftyanaya Provintsiya, No. 4(20), 2019. pp. 352-367. https://doi.org/10.25689/NP.2019.4.352-367 (in Russian)

 
 
 

   © E.A. Borisova, S.A. Krasnoperova, 2019

       This is an open access article under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)